Thursday, June 14, 2012

Fruit, glorious fruit

But make it native…There are many varieties of fruit plants out there for the home gardener. The majority of them are not native plants . They were cultivated for larger fruit size, color and texture. These non native fruits are plentiful in the supermarket aisles. But that does not mean it have more nutritional value than the native fruits. In fact, native fruits are packed with more nutrients than most of the supermarket varieties.  Furthermore, Natives are more pest resistant and disease resistant,  making them easier to grow. Give it a try in your home garden,  grow it for wildlife or for yourself...

A listing of native fruit plants :
Amelanchier Canadensis, Serviceberry. 6-10 feet, fruits are used to make pies and preserves.  Native Indian ingredient to make pemmican.
Asimina triloba, the pawpaw.   This is the largest wild edible fruit. Fruit is the shape of mango.
Diospyros virginiana, American Persimmon. 30-80 feet. Edible fruit.
Malus coronaria (Pyrus coronaria), sweet crabapple. 10-30 feet. Fruits are used to make jams.
Passiflora incarnata, commonly known as maypop, purple passionflower, true passionflower, wild apricot, and wild passion vine. Used as herbal medicine.
Prunus americana, commonly called the American Plum, Wild Plum, or Marshall's Large Yellow Sweet Plum. Up to 15 feet. Fruits are used to make jams, wine, or eaten raw.
Prunus serotina , native black cherry. 60-90 feet. Fruits are best used in pies and jams.
Sambucus Canadensis, Elderberry. 5-12 feet. fruits used to make wine and pies.
Viburnum triobum, American Cranberry bush. 6-10 feet. Fruits best used in cranberry sauce and jams.
Vitis spp., Wild Grape, 3 common species in Maryland :Vitis labrusca, Fox grape;Vitis aeistuate, Summer grape;Vitis riparis, River Bank grape

American Persimmon

Sweet crabapple

Passion Flower